Landscape Ecology as The Framework of Sustainbale Mountain Planning dand Development in Indonesia

Fireza, Doni (2015) Landscape Ecology as The Framework of Sustainbale Mountain Planning dand Development in Indonesia. In: IFLA Asia Pasific Congress 2015, 7-9 September 2018, Mataram, Lombok, Indonesia.

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As the world's only country in the tropics that has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world, Indonesia is located in the area of world's "ring of fire" which has volcanoes and mountains stretching from the tip of Sumatra in the west to the east Papua. Scattered mountains are also one of the characteristics of the archipelago, where rows of volcanoes and mountains are considered as huge potential, which can be utilized for the prosperity of the people of Indonesia. Volcano and mountain is a specific form of the landscape in terms of geological with rich ecosystems and biodiversity. Mountains are also a landscape whose cultural abundance and natural beauty that is always becoming an attraction for people to visit. On the other hand, mountains are also the area that needs to be preserved and kept away from human intervention in order to continue their sustainability. The contradiction among the utilization of the mountain as one of the geological and the biological diversity resources, the tourist destination areas, and as a country's natural asset that should not be touched due to its sustainability ecological processes are becoming a challenge in its management. Therefore we need an appropriate framework as a principle approach in planning and developing the sustainable of volcanoes and mountains in Indonesia. One of those approaches is the principle of landscape ecology. Landscape ecology is the study of landforms that specifically studying the composition, structure and function of a landscape. In this case, also involves ecological processes that exist in the landscape, which could affect the structure and patterns from the landscape. Landscape ecology emphasizes on the interaction between the elements of the spatial patterns and ecological processes that exist within it, namely the causes and consequences of spatial heterogeneity in any landscape scale. Aside that, landscape ecology also focuses on the discussion on the role of humans in creating and influencing the processes and patterns of the landscape. In this case human being is treated as part of the ecology that can serve as important agents in influencing the landscape, like natural and semi-natural landscape and built landscape. This paper is also discussing how the landscape ecology focuses on the structure of spatial pattern elements, the function of spatial patterns as a result of the interaction between the structures of the landscape. While human is seen as an active factor, which could play an important role in the changes that occur during the ecological process. The application of the principle of ecological landscape planning and sustainable mountain development in Indonesia covers; (1) setting the ecological networks of the landscape structure, (2) response to the dynamics landscape and the scenarios for long term sustainability mountain ecosystems, (3) the planning concept from development strategy, financing, operating system and site planning, (4) the design experiments and modeling, and (5) the landscape management system for protected areas on the mountain.

Item Type: Proceeding (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sustainable mountain development, landscape ecology, landscape planning, mountain ecosystems, Indonesia's mountain
Subjects: Architecture
Faculty: Proceeding > Architecture
Depositing User: Riko Suari
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2018 03:03
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2018 03:29

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